|The Blunt Bean Counter|
Pursuit 99, your wish is my command. Today, I will provide an accountants dream list of actions, forms and summaries that will benefit the tax preparation process for both the client and his/her accountant. Please excuse the overlap between todays post and the Pet Peeves post.
The list below requires the client to do extensive summarizing and organizing. I have a feeling some people after reading the list are going to be saying to themselves, “Pursuit 99 said what can be done to benefit the client and their accountant, not just their accountant.” However, there is an art to preparing a tax return as certain items require subjective decisions. You want your accountant to be spending his/her time making these decisions, not adding up your telephone bills.
How to Become your Accountants Favourite Client
1. Provide your accountant a summary page of what forms and slips you have included in your tax package. You would be surprised how often there are disagreements as to what was received from a client. This summary keeps both sides accountable for information flow and retention.
2. Do not send a shoe box. Many accountants will not accept shoebox clients. I personally would be concerned about any accountant that does, since they are not spending time on what is important. In my opinion, any accountant who lets their clients bring in a shoe box every year is clearly not concerned with ensuring an efficient tax preparation process.
3. Open any envelope containing an income tax slip at home and do not send your accountant unopened envelopes. Do you really want to be paying your accountant to open envelopes? Also, if you have a cranky accountant like me, you have started off on the wrong foot.
5. Advise your accountant upfront about any changes in your personal situation. The birth of children, address change, marital changes, extramarital affairs (just kidding, although this may explain why you have less investment income this year).
6. Summarize and total donation and medical expenses. Your accountant will review all donations slips to ensure they are deductible and all medical expenses to ensure they qualify and are deductible and have not been double counted (when there is an insurance plan in place). However, having a summarized total lets your accountant reconcile their totals with yours quickly.
7. Summarize capital gains/losses (if not provided by your financial advisor). This is a huge issue. Accountants do not have the time to figure out your gains and losses on 50 trades in the middle of tax season, let alone try and figure out the adjusted cost base for stocks you owned 10 years ago when you were not even their client. You either need to do this yourself, or engage your accountant to do this throughout the year so all your capital gains/losses are summarized before March. This is not to say you may not have specific questions regarding a cost base determination to discuss with your accountant. However, if you don't do the majority of the work, you will be charged an arm and a leg by your accountant for undertaking this task during tax season.
8. Make a copy of your 2011 T776 rental schedule and write the comparable 2012 numbers, excluding depreciation, beside the 2011 totals (or summarize your rental expenses on an excel spreadsheet). By undertaking this task, you will note any obvious discrepancies between the two years, which you should review before providing the information to your accountant. This exercise benefits your tax return process as instead of adding up rental expenses, your accountant can now concentrate on contentious issues such as whether a large rental repair is an expense or capital addition.
9. The same holds true for the T2125 or T2032 business and self-employment statements. Provide your accountant a summary of the income and expenses and a list of any questions you had in putting the numbers together. Your accountant can then spend time reviewing the numbers and asking questions rather than adding up a bunch of receipts.
10. If you do not keep an automobile log and are claiming car expenses for employment or business, at minimum, provide your accountant with your odometer reading at January 1st and December 31st. This quantifies your mileage driven during the year and will assist in the discussion as to what percentage of your automobile expenses were deductible in the year.
11. If you are claiming employment expenses, ensure you have obtained the T2200 Form from your employer and summarize your employment expenses for the year. The T2200 allows your accountant to review what expenses your employer says you incurred or were required to incur.
12. If you purchased a rental property during the year, provide your accountant with the purchase and sale agreement, statement of adjustments, legal fees and appraisal fees. This will save significant time on your file and ensure you get full benefit for all the initial costs incurred.
13. If your children are in University or College, ensure they download their T2202A tuition forms, since students can transfer up to $5,000 of tuition credits to their parents, but your accountant cannot make that determination without the T2202A form and your child's tax slips.
14. Don’t just tell your accountant your kids exceed the minimum $500 fitness amount. Obtain invoices and statements from the sports club, dance studio, etc. There is a good chance the CRA will request these forms to substantiate your claim, so ensure you have the correct numbers from the start.
The above is a substantial list that requires significant time and effort on your behalf. However, if you provide most of these items, your fee should be lower and your accountant will have more time to spend minimizing your tax liability.